Border Pinyon Pine or Johann's Pinyon Pine (Pinus
Border Pinyon Pine is a member of the
Pine Family. It
is a small to medium size tree that
grows from 15-35 feet
height and 20 inches in diameter. It has grey-brown bark that is thin
and scaly at the base of the trunk. Needles grow in groups of three to
four and are deep green to blue-green in color. The tree produces cones
to 1.5 inches in length, the seeds of which supply an important food
source for jays. The
tree grows in southeast Arizona in cool, dry areas at elevations between
The Border Pinyon Pine is very
similar to the Mexican Pinyon, but was identified as a distinct
species in 1968.
Pinyons were used extensively by Indians throughout
the Southwest. The nuts were gathered and eaten raw or roasted.
Sometimes the roasted seeds were mixed with the pulp of yucca fruits
to make pudding.