Douglas Fir is a
member of the Pine Family. It appears as a conical shaped tree and
can grow to 130 feet
height in Arizona (taller in other parts of its range, such as the
Pacific Northwest). Trunks can grow to 6 feet in diameter, but are
usually smaller in AZ. The bark is dark reddish brown and is thick with
deep furrows. The needles of the tree are bluish-green, flat and soft
and grow in all directions from the branch to 1.2 inches in length. The
cones are reddish-brown and thin with rounded scales to 3 inches in
length. The tree grows in pine forests at elevations between 6500 -
10000 feet, though can grow at elevations down to 5000 feet in some
The Douglas Fir is the largest
tree in Arizona.
Douglas Fir was prized by Hopi Indians who travelled
long distances to collect the boughs and branches.